I brought my first monstera home many years ago completely enthralled with their massive, heart shaped leaves. I was so excited to add this ‘easy care’ tropical houseplant to my collection of mostly succulents and cacti, the first step towards expanding my plant parent knowledge and understanding the needs of an entirely different type of plant.
I had it nearly a year before I noticed the first leaf unfurl. There’s still nothing quite like the thrill of a new monstera leaf! Many of you have probably seen our time lapse videos as they unravel with such elegant drama, and then witness how the baby leaf expands and darkens to an emerald hue.
Here are notes from my experience over the years, caring for many monstera since that very first one! I hope it brings you confidence and comfort as you grow together.
Monstera grow best in a brightly lit and fairly humid environment. I find that the leaves grow fenestrations (or splits) more readily when they get proper, very bright, but mostly indirect light.
I want to encourage those of you who have a young monstera with little to no fenestration not to be discouraged. You aren’t doing anything wrong! It takes years for them to mature enough to need those little windows! I encourage healthy growth with our Plant Care Tonics and brightly lit conditions. A few hours of direct sunlight (preferably not hot summer sun) will aid in the growth of bigger leaves with more (eventual) fenestrations.
Keep them hydrated during those warmer months! I water them deeply every week, more often during the summer months and less during the winter. I also keep a humidifier going during the winter when the heater tends to dry out the ambient indoor air. Ideally the humidity level stays around 55-65% for all of the tropicals in my home (the succulents and cacti don't mind) especially during the winter months.
Clean those leaves! About once a month I spray the front and backs of the leaves down with our Sacred Leaf Tonic to hydrate and protect those gorgeous leaves.
I feed my monstera, like all of my houseplants, during the Spring, Summer and into the Fall with our Sacred Soil Tonic.
Monstera also do wonderfully in tight fitting pots with just standard, organic potting soil. I love topping them off with our locally harvested tree moss too. Moss keeps the soil a more bit hydrated and adds a nice aesthetic (unless you are dealing with fungus gnats, in that case I recommend allowing the top two inches of soil to dry out between waterings to discourage fungus gnat larvae growth). I also dress up the soil with rocks or decorative sand for most of my houseplants to give them a nice finished look. But I understand the appeal of just soil, too. Whatever feels right to you and your space, go for it!
Monstera will eventually send out aerial roots in search of water. It’s fun to keep a mason jar full of water on the floor to allow those roots to snake their way around the jar, simulating a more natural environment for them. Change the water out every week or two if you decide to try this method out too. I eventually add the roots back into the pot and into the soil. In the wild, monstera vine their way up trees and allow those aerial roots to dangle beautifully all the way down to the rainforest floor to soak up the moist ground.
When propagating monstera, the first thing you want to look for is an aerial root. It doesn’t have to be long, it can even be a node or bump, but it must be there in order to root your cutting. I suggest waiting until the cutting has two healthy leaves and an aerial root before cutting.
Using sharp, clean shears or floral cutters, snip the plant JUST BELOW (about 1/2 inch) the aerial root or node at a nice 45 degree angle. Then place in a shaded spot for an hour or so to heal over and then pop it into rooting water I mentioned above if you have it, or distilled tap water works too.
Change out the water every few weeks, be sure to keep the cutting and water in indirect sun. Wait about one to two months for a robust root system to get established before planting your cutting up in organic potting soil in a pot with good drainage.
After planting your new cutting, be sure to water the soil thoroughly and feed with our Sacred Soil Tonic. Then, press down gently on the soil to give it a nice firm base to support the root system. Check back in a few days and test the soil by sticking your finger down into the soil an inch or two. If it’s dry, water again. We want to make the transition from water to dirt as seamless as possible, so this first month in soil, I like to keep the cutting a bit more hydrated than usual.
Lessen the water slowly over the next month to watering once a week on average. Feed your plant as described above and enjoy! Sending out the love to you all,